Lab 27: Filtering operators in Pig

Hi Hadoopers,

This blog post would demonstrate the filtering capabilities of Pig.

pig-on-elephant

Filter by

This is similar to WHERE clause in SQL. We have a table for employee as below.

grunt> fs -cat employee.csv
1, Dharma, 45, Sr Manager
2, Bheema, 43, Cook
3, Arjuna, 41, Instructor
4, Nakula, 35, Jr Instructor
5, Sahadeva, 33, Jr Instructor

Relation for employee is defined as below.

grunt> employee = load 'employee.csv' using PigStorage (',') as (eid:int,ename:chararray,eage:int,edes:chararray);

Let’s get the employee whose id is 1.

e1 = filter employee by eid==1;
dump e1;
(1, Dharma,45, Sr Manager)

Let’s get the employee whose name is Nakula.

e2 = filter employee by ename == ' Nakula';
dump e2;
(4, Nakula,35, Jr Instructor)

Distinct

As the name implies, let’s select the distinct records. Following is our input file.


grunt> fs -cat employee3.csv
1, Dharma, 45, Sr Manager
2, Bheema, 43, Cook
3, Arjuna, 41, Instructor
4, Nakula, 35, Jr Instructor
5, Sahadeva, 33, Jr Instructor
1, Dharma, 45, Sr Manager
2, Bheema, 43, Cook
3, Arjuna, 41, Instructor
4, Nakula, 35, Jr Instructor
5, Sahadeva, 33, Jr Instructor

Lets create a relation for the employee.

grunt> employee = load 'employee3.csv' using PigStorage (',') as (eid:int,ename:chararray,eage:int,edes:chararray);

We are creating another relation for the distinct records. Here you go.


grunt> edist = distinct employee;

grunt> dump edist;
(1, Dharma,45, Sr Manager)
(2, Bheema,43, Cook)
(3, Arjuna,41, Instructor)
(4, Nakula,35, Jr Instructor)
(5, Sahadeva,33, Jr Instructor)

For-each

And finally, for – each.

Let’s iterate through the edist relation I have shown above.


grunt> foreachdata = foreach edist generate eid, ename;

(1, Dharma)
(2, Bheema)
(3, Arjuna)
(4, Nakula)
(5, Sahadeva)

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